This is a botanical woodcut, with contemporary colorization. It and many others first appeared in the 1562 Discorsi (“comments”, directed at Materia Medica of Dioscorides) by Pietro Andrea Mattioli, later reprinted in 1750s in Traité des Arbres et Arbustes qui se cultivent en France en Pleine Terre. The plant depicted is the Hawthorne Tree in the genus Crataegus. I often use their spikes in my artwork. While working on a new concept I discovered this image in my research, and added the file to my reference library.
Artist: Mattioli Botanical Prints c1750
Title: Crataegus, Hawthorne